Leicester Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA). Health and social care needs associated with cancer, 2016.
Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells begin dividing uncontrollably, beyond their usual limits, forming ‘growth’s, otherwise known as tumours. Tumours can migrate to other tissues and/or organs causing secondary tumours called metastases.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, accounting for an estimated 9.6 million deaths, or one in six deaths. The causes are multi-factorial with some unmodifiable risk factors such as age, sex, ethnicity and socio-economic deprivation. But some modifiable risk factors such as lifestyle choices and/or environmental influences play a part. It is estimated that 38% of cancer cases in the UK could be prevented by appropriate lifestyle changes.
The following chapter further details the level of need in the population, current services in place, project service use, any service gaps and recommendations for commissioners.