Leicester Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA). Health and social care needs associated with cardiovascular disease, 2016.
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death globally. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that CVDs are responsible for 17.9 million lives each year. CVDs are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and include coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, rheumatic heart disease and other conditions.
CVDs are largely attributed to lifestyle however there are pockets of the population at greater risk such as South Asian or Black minorities and those in deprived communities. Modifiable risk factors include unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, excess weight, tobacco consumption, alcohol abuse and stress.
The following chapter further details the level of need in the population, current services in place, project service use, any service gaps and recommendations for commissioners.